Toby Prike’s presentation
avril 19 @ 10:30 - 12:00
Participer à la réunion Zoom: https://unil.zoom.us/j/92771796589
Was that just a Strange Coincidence or am I Psychic? Examining the Relationships Between Anomalistic Belief, Reasoning, and Cognitive Bias
Anomalistic (e.g., paranormal) beliefs are commonly held throughout the general population despite being unsupported by scientific evidence (Chapman University 2017; Shannon-Missal, 2013). Therefore, it is important for psychologists to explain how and why people come to endorse anomalistic beliefs despite the lack of solid evidence to support them. Two key areas that may contribute to the formation and maintenance of anomalistic beliefs are reasoning ability and cognitive bias. Across several studies, we found that anomalistic beliefs were related to a variety of probabilistic reasoning deficits and to greater levels of cognitive bias. The findings of these studies also showed the importance of considering the type of anomalistic belief held (experiential vs. theoretical) rather than relying on broad overall belief measures. Additionally, we explored some of the similarities and differences between anomalistic and other non-evidence based beliefs, as well as some of the psychological characteristics that potentially contribute to these relationships.